Glossary

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Our post – what's it all about?

Discover the meaning of terms used throughout this website.

Accessible:

Easy to reach or use.

Accounts:

A bank statement, bill or payment.

Adhesive:

Sticky or tacky, such as the back of a sticker or stamp.

Aerial:

By air.

Air Mail:

International mail that is transported overseas by air.

Air race:

A race in which entrants compete to fly from one destination to another in the shortest possible time.

Anticipation:

The feeling of waiting for or expecting something.

Asset:

Something important that is useful and desired.

Avalanche:

The unnatural or sudden appearance of something.

Barcode:

A series of black lines and spaces of different widths which can be scanned to identify an item.

Barcode sorting:

Machines that sort according to a barcode.

Basic postal rate:

The cost of sending a domestic, standard, envelope within Australia (currently 60 cents).

Billion:

A numerical term for one thousand million: 1,000,000,000.

Bleriot XI:

An aircraft named after its pilot, Louis Blériot, who was the first man to fly across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air aircraft.

Broadcasting:

The transmission of sound or images to an audience, such as on television or the radio.

Calculated:

Worked out mathematically or something which is done deliberately or with very careful planning.

Circulation:

When stamps or money are newly released, they are said to be going into circulation. This describes their movement between places and people.

Coat of arms:

A collection of images, often on a shield, that represents a person, family or country.

Cobb & Co:

A company that made coaches to transport mail and people.

Colombian state of Bolivar:

One of the original states in the north of Colombia, South America. It no longer exists and its land has since been split between other states.

Colonial:

Relating to the colonies (early settlements in Australia).

Colony:

Early British settlements in Australia.

Commemorate:

To celebrate and remember.

Commemorative:

Something that remembers, celebrates or pays tribute to an event or person.

Compulsory:

Something that is not optional ie it must be done.

Contractor:

A person who performs a particular service for a fee.

Controversial:

Not agreed upon and leads to differences in opinion.

Conveyor belt:

A surface that moves items along its path. Much like the counters at supermarket checkouts where you place your groceries.

Convict:

A person who was found guilty of a crime and was sent overseas to complete their sentence. Jails in England were often so full they could not hold any more prisoners.

Cost-effectively:

Without wasting money.

Craftsperson:

Someone who makes their wares themselves, eg a carpenter is a craftsperson who makes things from wood.

Decreased:

Reduced, or not as many.

Delivery points:

Places to which items are delivered.

Destination:

A place where someone or something is going.

Discontinued:

No longer in use.

DL-sized:

A regular-sized envelope that is designed to fit the width of an A4 sheet of paper.

Domestic:

Mail sent within Australia or interstate.

Efficiently:

Quickly and without wasting time.

Eliminate:

Get rid of.

Engraved:

When words or an image have been carved onto the hard surface of an object.

Ensures:

Makes certain that something will (or will not) happen.

Etched:

Marked or scratched into a surface. The resulting etching can then be used to create prints of an image.

Exhibition:

An event to show or display items or products.

Explosive:

Something that might burst or explode, such as fireworks or a bomb.

Express Post:

This post is assured of arriving very quickly.

Extensive:

Far-reaching or wide.

Facilities:

Buildings or outdoor areas designed and constructed to suit a particular role or function.

Facility:

A building or outdoor area designed and built to be used for a particular role or function.

Federation:

When the six separate Australian colonies joined together to form one nation.

Financial:

Relating to money.

Flammable:

Something that can be set on fire or burns easily.

Flats mail optical character reader:

A machine that sorts large, flat letters.

Forerunner:

Before, ahead of, or the first.

Fortune:

Can refer to wealth or riches as well as luck or chance.

Guaranteed:

Assured or certain.

Headquarters:

A central location where important tasks are carried out.

High-tech:

An abbreviation of "high technology" that describes technology that is advanced and modern.

Honoured:

Someone or something that is paid respect.

Illegal:

Something that is against the law.

Imperial:

Relates to an Empire or an association with royalty.

Indigenous:

To be native to a country or place. Every country has indigenous plants, animals and people.

Innovation:

The creation of better or more effective products, processes, services, technologies, or ideas.

Installation:

When something is installed it is prepared for use.

Installed:

Set up for use. This term can refer to machinery, or even computer programs. It means that they have been prepared and are ready to use.

International:

To do with two or more countries.

Interruptions:

Disrupts or cuts-off.

Invention:

Something that has been newly created or thought up.

Isolated:

A person or place that is hard to reach or very far away from other people or places.

Laser beam eye:

The laser beam that reads the address on an envelope or parcel.

Legend:

An outstanding or exceptional person who will live on in history.

Lithium:

A soft, silver metal that is very light. Lithium is used in batteries, among other things. It is a highly flammable element that is unsafe to transport by air.

Mainland:

The main land mass of a country. For example, New South Wales is part of mainland Australia, but Tasmania is separated from the mainland by sea.

Mechanised:

Mechanical or robotic.

Metropolitan:

Relating to the city. In contrast, rural refers to farming or outback areas.

Monoplane:

An aircraft with one main set of wings.

Multi-line optical character reader:

A laser that is able to read the address on envelopes or parcels and translate this information onto a barcode so that it can be read by other machines.

National:

All of Australia, or any other country.

Network:

Connections between people, places or objects.

Outback:

An Australian term for the bush, wilderness or desert areas.

Overland:

A travel route that is over land, rather than sea or air.

Peak:

High or busiest. A peak on a mountain is the highest point, and peak time is the busiest time of the year.

Penny:

A low-value coin that is equivalent to one cent or one hundredth of a pound.

Personalised:

Specifically for, or altered to suit, a particular person.

Pico:

Short for picosecond; one trillionth of a second.

Pioneering:

Something that is done for the first time or in a new way.

Pioneers:

People such as the early settlers, who were the first to live in the colonies of the new world.

Postage paid:

Often stamped on a pre-paid envelope. This type of envelope has already been paid for and does not require a stamp.

Postmark:

A mark printed over a stamp so that it cannot be reused. It also shows the date of posting.

Postmaster:

An early term for a man who was in charge of running a Post Office.

Postmistress:

An early term for a woman who was in charge of running a Post Office.

Potential:

The possibility of developing into something.

Pre-paid:

Already paid for. For example, letters must now be pre-paid before they are sent, rather than paid for upon delivery.

Pre-stamped:

An envelope that already has a stamp on it.

Processing:

Organising, taking in or sorting.

Quarantine:

If something is quarantined it is kept completely by itself in a secure place. Items that might be quarantined include food and animal products from overseas. This is to stop foreign diseases and pests entering Australia.

Radioactive:

Something that might release radiation. Radiation is known to be harmful to the human body.

Receipts:

Slips of paper that detail purchase information including the cost of an item or service.

Registrations:

A way of recording details of something. For example, you must register cars and pets.

Reliably:

Can be counted on.

Remote:

Far away or distant areas that might be isolated.

Retail:

The sale of goods.

Route:

A path or passage that travellers follow from one place to another.

Rural:

Areas outside large cities.

Shilling:

A unit of money that was once used in Britain. It is still used in a few British colonies.

Signet rings:

A ring with an impression or mark on its surface that can be pressed into wax as a signature, or to seal a letter.

SMS:

"Short Message Service" messages that can be sent from mobile phones.

Social:

Relates to society or relationships.

Standard letter:

A letter in a standard envelope.

State-of-the-art:

Up-to-date and modern, the best possible.

Technologies:

Different types of technology.

Telecommunications:

Sending information over long distances using technologies such as electricity, telegraph, telephone, radio, television and satellites.

Telegraph / Telegram:

An old way of communicating where a message could be sent over long distances by electrical currents or Morse code. The message was often called a telegram.

Traditional:

Can refer to culture or customs, something that has been passed down through generations.

Transactions:

Money exchanged for an item or service.

Transferred:

Moved to somewhere, or onto something.

Transport Connections:

Transport that will move mail to its final destination.

Tray management:

A computer-operated system that transports letter trays on an overhead conveyor belt.

Universal mail service:

A mail service that is accessible to everyone.

Unrestrained:

Not tied up, or behind a fence.

Valuable:

Expensive or important.

Vandals:

People who purposely damage property.

Wasteland:

An area of land that is neglected, bare, empty or useless.